The basic principles of healthy eating will also serve you well if you are HIV-positive. These principles include:
- Eating a diet high in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes
- Choosing lean, low-fat sources of protein
- Limiting sweets, soft drinks, and foods with added sugar
- Including proteins, carbohydrates, and a little good fat in all meals and snacks.
Calories are the energy in foods that provide your body with fuel. To maintain your lean body mass, you may need to increase calories.
Carbohydrates give you energy. To get enough of the right types of carbohydrates: Fruits and Vegetables.
Protein helps build muscles, organs, and a strong immune system.
Fat provides extra energy.
Vitamins and minerals regulate your body’s processes. People who are HIV-positive need extra vitamins and minerals to help repair and heal damaged cells. Eat foods high in these vitamins and minerals e.g. citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, peanuts, vegetable oils, whole grains, nuts, poultry, fish, eggs, and peanut butter.